“We take photos as a return ticket to a moment otherwise gone,” said someone.
In this era of the digital world, Cameras play an important role in our life. They help us capture a lot of memories and preserve them for years and years.
“Photography is the story I fail to put into words.” — Destin Sparks
The camera enables us to capture such moments filled with such feelings, Love, happiness.
And sorrow, fun which we could never express using mere 26 alphabets. We capture those moments forever.
Photography takes our creativity to a level where we find interesting things in ordinary ones.
In this article, we are going to discuss different types of Cameras which are available in the market.
As we all know, there are different types of Cameras with a specific purpose different from others.
As DSLR and mirrorless cameras are most useful for professional photographers and videographers.
Whereas action cameras, 360 cameras, are made to be used for outdoor shooting. And it specialized for rough conditions and to survive extreme weather conditions.
It is an instrument that we used to capture images. For that purpose, it has a light-tight box which is the main body with a hole.
Also known as an aperture which lets in a specific amount of light on the light-sensitive surface.
Aperture controls the light to be entered in the camera by widening or shrinking. The light is collected and focused on the aperture by the lens.
Also, the camera has a shutter mechanism to limit the time to record a scene on a light-sensitive surface.
We can also monitor the scene to be captured through a viewfinder, which is available in almost all the cameras.
Different Types of Cameras
Digital Single-Lens Reflex (DSLR) cameras are the most popular types of cameras for professional photographers and videographers.
If you are willing to start professional photography, you may choose to buy a DSLR.
A DSLR has a simple mechanism including a lens that passes the light to a mirror.
The mirror in turn reflects the light to the viewfinder where we can see the scene we are willing to capture.
When we click a photo, the mirror flips up and light enters through the shutter to the light-sensitive surface.
There are a lot of settings available to control the details of the image and take a perfect picture. This way, DSLRs offer you very high-quality photography.
There is a wide range of lenses available, each for a specific purpose. Different lenses can be used for a single camera as they are interchangeable.
There are different sizes of sensors that are available. The full-frame sensors are more suitable for professional photographers (good for only photography).
Singer crop sensors are designed especially to be used for videography. These types of cameras are not able to take high-end quality pictures like full-frame sensor cameras.
As per the name, these cameras have no mirrors. That means the image that we see in the viewfinder is displayed on an electronic screen.
Nowadays, this type of camera is becoming more and more popular amongst photographers and videographers.
These types of cameras are relatively smaller and lighter than DSLR. Being a mirrorless camera, it has not many parts moving and hence it makes no noise to click the picture.
The light directly enters the sensor without reflecting on the mirror. The mirrorless camera comes with both full-frame and crop sensors. There is no compromise on image quality.
Especially if might be held a better option for videography. Sometimes you might have to struggle to get familiar with the electronic viewfinder.
But the electronic viewfinder comes with advanced features that enhance focusing and metering abilities.
As compared to DSLRs the mirrorless cameras have a lower range of lenses available. Despite the fact, we may use an adaptor to adjust the lenses of other cameras too.
Due to calculate the size, the battery size is also smaller. Thus, it may not give a longer period of battery backup.
If you are a photography lover but not satisfied with the quality of images that you capture on your smartphone or a compact camera.
Also, everyone can’t afford a professional camera like DSLR or a mirrorless camera.
In that case, the Bridge camera comes into the story. These can bead are not far more expensive like professionals.
And also it’s easy better in quality terms compared to smartphones and compact cameras.
This type of camera comes with a viewfinder and looks like a DSLR. But there is a relatively smaller sensor than a DSLR but definitely bigger than a smartphone or compact one.
These types of cameras have undetachable zoom lens unlike DSLR, so you can not interchange the lens.
But, a bit advanced models come with a wider range of zoom which takes from ultra-wide to an ultra-telephoto.
These are also known as Point and shoot cameras because they are very easy to use.
If you have a standard compact camera, everything is automated, and you have to just click a single button to take a picture.
These cameras offer you better quality images than a smartphone because of the sensor and zoom. It has a bigger sensor than most smartphones.
Also, the optical zoom lens gives an upper hand over smartphones to capture high-end pictures.
Depending on your budget, there are different compacts are available. Apart from standard compacts, there are zoom compacts which have a wider range zoom lens.
But still, this lens is not interchangeable and the cameras are not considered suitable for professional photographers.
Also, the advanced cameras have some other heart features like some manual settings of exposure, etc. They offer a higher resolution picture than standard ones.
They are not as affordable as a standard compact camera.
These types of cameras are the best fit for adventure trips and outdoor shoots including incredible videography features.
They are made to go through extreme weather conditions. These cameras are highly durable, shockproof too. They are also lightweight.
The action cameras come with features like 4k videography with high FPS rates, durability, a small sensor that is protected with highly durable glass, and a great screen, etc.
Even though they are not made for professional use, but still, they are capable of taking incredible shots despite being so small in caparison to DSLRs and other digital cameras.
There are some other types which include 360 Degree Cameras, Film Cameras, etc.
360-Degree cameras are becoming more and more popular these days, whereas, film cameras are outdated.
360 Cameras are getting popular amongst outdoor photographers because of their incredible quality panoramic pictures.
These are also considered to be highly durable in rough weather conditions. This has become a very common choice of travelers, hikers, adventurers.
On the other hand, film cameras are still in use in some cases. Beginners may use film cameras to improve their abilities and skills. These cameras have no screen.
And for some other reasons, digital cameras have an upper hand compared to these traditional film cameras.
But some people still prefer shooting with real film with a great feeling that no digital ones can give.
There are some other types of cameras like Medium Format Cameras, Instant Cameras and not to mention smartphone cameras also.
Importance of Lens in a DSLR Camera
The lens is as crucial as the main body of the DSLR camera. Most DSLR cameras are useless without the lens.
There are some exceptional cameras but in the case of most DSLRs lens is a must.
Following are the main functions of a lens that makes a DSLR complete.
Control Over the Light
The main function of the lens is to collect and control the amount of light that passes through the lens to the aperture.
The aperture reacts differently to the different scales of light entering through the lens.
According to the amount of light, the aperture adjusts the hole to collect appropriate light. Where the amount of light is relatively less, the aperture opens a wider hole to collect maximum light.
In short, you’ll not be able to control the light
Protect the Sensor
The sensor is the photoreceptor of the DSLR camera which reacts to the light passed to it. It is the key factor in a DSLR camera without which no scene can be recorded whether an image or a video.
As we all know that light passes through the lens. The lens controls the amount of light to be passed through the aperture to the sensor.
It covers and protects the sensor from an unessential amount of light which may cause heavy damage to the sensors.
We cannot expose our camera to the light when the lens is detached. The lens acts like the cap that we use to cover while keeping it in the bag.
You can know detailed about camera lens in our blog.
Here we can say that we have covered a lot of information about cameras and different types of cameras. Also, the article will help you to understand the importance of a lens in a camera.
With the help of the article, you may choose which type of camera you’ll choose to meet your requirements. And hope that it’ll add some knowledge for you before buying any camera.
Also, the advanced types of cameras have some other heart features like some manual settings of exposure, etc. They offer a higher resolution picture than a standard one.
They are not as affordable as a standard compact camera.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the different types of cameras ?
Following are the types of cameras
1. DSLR Cameras
2. Mirrorless cameras
3. Bridge cameras
4. Compact cameras
5. Action cameras
6. There are some other types which include 360 Cameras, Film Cameras, etc.
How many types of cameras for CCTV?
1. Dome CCTV Cameras
2. Bullet CCTV Cameras
3. C-Mount CCTV Cameras
4. PTZ Pan Tilt & Zoom Cameras
5. Day/Night CCTV Cameras
6. Infrared/night vision CCTV Cameras
7. Network/IP CCTV Cameras
8. Wireless CCTV Cameras
9. High Definition (HD) CCTV Cameras
These are the types of camera for CCTV
How many types of camera sensors?
CCD (charge-coupled device) and CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) imagers are the two main types of sensors used in digital cameras today.
How many types of camera lenses?
These are the 5 Most Common sort of Camera Lenses.
1. Macro Lenses.
2. Telephoto Lenses.
3. Wide Angle Lenses.
4. Standard Lenses.
5. Specialty Lenses.
What type of camera has an interchangeable lens?
A Mirrorless camera has an interchangeable lens.
What are the 6 types of camera shots?
Following are the 6 basic types of camera shots
1. Extreme Wide Shot (ELS)
2. Long Shot (LS) / Wide Shot (WS)
3. Full Shot (FS)
4. Medium Long Shot (MLS) / Medium Wide Shot (MWS)
5. Cowboy Shot.
6. Medium Shot (MS)
7. Medium Close Up (MCU)
8. Close Up (CU)
What are the types of camera angles?
1. Eye Level Shot.
2. Low Angle Shot.
3. High Angle Shot.
4. Hip Level Shot.
5. Knee Level Shot.
6. Ground Level Shot.
7. Shoulder-Level Shot.
8. Dutch Angle Shot.
Are the different types of camera angles
What are the main types of camera modes?
The four basic types of camera modes available in most digital cameras nowadays are as follows:
1. Program (P)
2. Shutter Priority (Tv) or (S)
3. Aperture Priority (Av) or (A)
4. Manual (M)
What are the 7 basic types of camera movement?
Here are the 7 basic types of camera movement.
7. Rack Focus